FAQs 2018-03-21T20:32:02+00:00


 ‘External ageing’ or ‘environmental ageing’, is caused by external factors that often act together with the normal ageing process to prematurely age our skin.

Although skin ageing is a biological certainty, and there is no natural products to turn back time there is still much that can be done to make the process as slow as possible. By simply looking after yourself, body & mind and provide your skin the right nutrients it needs. Vitamin C has been linked to collagen production and it is also known that Vitamins A (Retionol) and E both play roles in the maintenance of skin health and youth. Both key ingredients that can be found in high levels in Cacay Oil. According to studies outlined that skin ageing is only 3% genetic and over 90% assigned to diet and lifestyle choices referring to external and environmental triggers. While skincare is not a magic wand, it is true that skincare products on their own cannot work miracles, and a holistic approach needs to be applied to bring balance to your life.

Factors which influence ageing include and are not limited to the below:

  • Weather / Sun
  • Diet
  • Smoking / drinking
  • Lack of sleep/rest
  • Repetitive facial expressions
  • Pollution

Some external environment triggers cause more harm than others. The effects of sunlight on the skin are profound, and are estimated to account for up to 90% of visible skin ageing, particularly people that lack a higher level of melanocytes in the skin.

Sunlight is composed of three different types of radiation: UVC, UVB and UVA. UVC (100–290 nm) is largely blocked by the ozone layer and has little impact on skin. UVB (290–320 nm) penetrates only into the epidermis and is responsible for the erythema associated with a sunburn. UVA requires 1000-fold higher levels of radiation to cause sunburn, so it was long considered irrelevant to skin damage. It is now known that because it penetrates into the dermis, UVA may be responsible for most of the chronic skin damage associated with photoageing

Visual comparison of chronologically sun-exposed vs. sun-protected skin reveals that age-associated alterations in the skin’s appearance are a result of sun exposure, known as photo-ageing.

Photo-ageing is a combination of  UVB injury to the epidermis and UVA injury to dermis. Photo-aged skin appears wrinkled, flaccid, rough with uneven pigmentation with an increased epidermal thickness and alterations of connective tissue. The severity of photo-ageing is proportional to accumulated sun exposure and inversely related to degree of skin pigmentation.

So make sure that you always put SPF factor on your skin when you go out and your skin is being exposed to the sun for longer periods.

The ageing process, both intrinsic and extrinsic, is influenced by the formation of free radicals.

What are free radicals?

Free radicals have lost an electron and thus unbalance atoms. Free radicals are generally not dangerous and part of life. They can be formed during normal bodily functions such as when cells burn food, or the body is fighting off bacteria or viruses etc. Free radicals are part of life. However, when our cells are exposed to pollution, environmental triggers, smoking, other stressors these will create a larger quantity of free radicals in the body. This surplus creates an imbalance within the cells which triggers a chain of reaction of damage and environment of oxidative stress.

Please read our blog entry to learn more which ingredients we avoid.

Sarah cultivated her own personal philosophy about beauty: a clear, glowing complexion is the perfect foundation and a beautiful glow is the essence of beauty. Her commitment to living a clean, conscious lifestyle, and her deep understanding of the body-mind-beauty balance, Sarah has pioneered a philosophy of ‘Beauty is Simplicity’, a holistic approach to simple, healthy radiance.


Antioxidants play an intrinsic role in stopping and reducing the number of free radicals as it is preventing the harmful effects of oxidation. The use of antioxidants in skincare products is a great approach to improve the overall health state of the skin. Vitamin E is a key antioxidant found in our Naya skincare range.

The primary structural component of the dermis and the most abundant protein found in humans, collagen is responsible for conferring strength and support to human skin. As we age, collagen production slows down and elastin has a bit less spring. Structural destruction and loss of dermal collagen fibre bundles lead to wrinkling and increased appearance of muscular attachments.

GAG family, including hyaluronic acid, along with collagen and elastin, are among the primary constituents of the dermis and are responsible for conferring the outward appearance of the skin. Photo-aged skin has been shown to be characterised by reduced levels of hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid is found in young skin at the periphery of collagen and elastin fibres and where these types of fibres intersect. In aged skin, such connections with hyaluronic acid disappear.