Introduction

Dry skin, dehydrated skin – there is a lot of information around it and there is a difference what you need when you have dry or dehydrated skin. What is key to understand that the skin needs a combination of ingredients to be healthy and maintain its natural & healthy glow. This also includes to maintain water content in the skin with actives and also using the right lipids. So if you are curious to learn about the difference, please read on.

What is dry skin?

Dry skin produces – to put it simply – too little lipid or oil. That’s why you need to apply these substances to dry skin.

Our skin has a so-called lipid coat, a hydrolipid film that consists of sebum and oil. The lipid coat provides a strong skin barrier and keeps the skin elastic. An intact skin barrier in turn prevents uncontrolled lipid and water loss or the penetration of chemical substances into the skin.

With dry skin, this barrier or the hydrolipid film is disturbed and there is a lack of lipid. The result is dry, rough skin that usually tenses uncomfortably. Wrinkles and skin tears can occur and in bad cases it can even lead to eczema or rash.

→ Dry and dehydrated: Once the barrier is disturbed, it not only leads to lipid deficiency. It can also lead to a disproportionate amount of water evaporating from the skin.

Why do I have dry skin?

Although dry skin can be genetic, to some extent we can influence the development of dry skin as well. Diets, stress, age, environmental factors such as a dry climate, sun, heat, winter temperatures and cold winds, dry (heating) air or air pollution. Long periods of showering or bathing at hot temperatures, aggressive washing substances or strong sunlight may not be on our skin at all, but hormonal influences also have an effect: pill, pregnancy or menopause can lead to dry skin as well as the intake of medication. It can have many causes and not simply ‘you are born that way’.

What do you do when you have dry skin?

On the one hand, dry skin requires rich lipids, and on the other hand occlusive ingredients to develop a balance so the lipid deficiency and the associated loss of hydration and retain hydration in your skin. 

Care for dry skin should contain a high fat or oil content, here are e.g. Water-in-oil emulsions suitable. The protective lipid film supplies the horny layer with lipids and at the same time encloses moisture. Aloe vera, urea or oils such as e.g. Avocado oil is used on extremely dry skin, making it soft, elastic and smooth.

To clean dry skin, use mild, non-foaming cleanser, cleanser with oils or cleansing oils. Often it is sufficient to clean the skin only once a day with a cleanser, the second time with clean water. If blemishes occur, it can be due to dead skin cells, to which bacteria adhere. In this case, a mild exfoliation can help to restore the skin balance.

Which products out of the NAYA Collection would suit dry skin? 

What is dehydrated skin? 

Dehydrated skin is a skin condition that can affect any skin type, but it can also be influenced. Quite right: Whether dry, normal or oily skin – evaporates too much water and a lack of water is created. Simply put, the skin is thirsty!

A balanced water content in the skin makes it flexible, soft and firm. All the processes that normally take place inside the skin (such as renewing or repelling dead skin cells) work flawlessly. Also, the evaporation of water can be regulated by the skin itself.

Dehydrated skin, on the other hand, lacks the ability to reduce the evaporation of water – the transepidermal water loss. Water molecules are thus released excessively from the upper layers of the epidermis. The skin is missing water-binding substances.

The reason for this is also a weakened skin barrier.

Why dehydrated skin?

Our skin consists of water – in the upper part of the epidermis, strictly speaking the stratum corneum, should be 12-16%. If the water content falls below 10%, it is dehydrated.

Normally, this layer in the skin prevents us from giving off too much water because it is able to bind water and regulate transepidermal water loss. However, if our skin barrier or the hydrolipid film is disturbed (i.e. because you clean your skin too often, often too hot, too much exposure to the sun or aggressive soaps, etc.), too many water molecules can evaporate. Too much exfoliation can lead to dehydrated skin.

Do you have dehydrated skin?

Dehydrated skin, as you have already experienced, can affect any skin type – however, there are combinations that appear quite frequently. Oily skin is usually also well hydrated while dry skin is often also low in moisture. Of course, there are also oily skin that suffers from dehydration, then the skin produces more lipids to compensate for the lack of moisture and to maintain their elasticity, which of course is not effective.

→ If you have a dry and dehydrated skin, the skin feels rather rigid and “stiff” instead of soft and plump. Pinching the skin leads to wrinkles, fine lines appear. In addition, the above-mentioned properties of a dry skin (small pores, hardly greasy etc.) appear.

→ If you have an oily, dehydrated skin, you suffer from signs of oily skin (large pores, blackheads, acne prone, oily sheen, little cream, makeup does not last). On the other hand, among the features of dehydrated skin: a feeling of pulling and fine lines.

What to do when you suffer from dehydrated skin?

Dehydrated skin not only needs hydration and binding substances, but also substances that strengthen the lipid layer, so that hydration is not released excessively. The focus of your skincare should be on water-binding agents. Strengthen the skin barrier i.e. with vitamin C, Niacinamide, Aloe Vera, Panthenol or products that contain Hyaluronic acid as it binds moisture for a long time.

→ Suffer from dry and dehydrated skin, for example, vegetable oils and substances that bind water (i.e. glycerin, sorbitol, hyaluronic acid, urea) can help and include moisture and thus protect against evaporation.

→ If you suffer from oily and dehydrated skin, you should use light textures that bind the moisture and occlusive substances such as shea butter, beeswax, vaseline, lanolin rather than last care step for the aftercare use.

Which products of the NAYA Collection would suit dehydrated skin? 

We appreciate that this is a complex topic and we hope you find this helpful. As always, we are here to help you if you have any other questions. Learn more about our entire Everyday Cacay Collection here.