What is dehydrated skin?
Dehydrated skin is a skin condition that can affect any skin type, but it can also be influenced. Quite right: Whether dry, normal or oily skin – evaporates too much water and a lack of water is created. Simply put, the skin is thirsty!
A balanced water content in the skin makes it flexible, soft and firm. All the processes that normally take place inside the skin (such as renewing or repelling dead skin cells) work flawlessly. Also, the evaporation of water can be regulated by the skin itself.
Dehydrated skin, on the other hand, lacks the ability to reduce the evaporation of water – the transepidermal water loss. Water molecules are thus released excessively from the upper layers of the epidermis. The skin is missing water-binding substances.
The reason for this is also a weakened skin barrier.
Why dehydrated skin?
Our skin consists of water – in the upper part of the epidermis, strictly speaking the stratum corneum, should be 12-16%. If the water content falls below 10%, it is dehydrated.
Normally, this layer in the skin prevents us from giving off too much water because it is able to bind water and regulate transepidermal water loss. However, if our skin barrier or the hydrolipid film is disturbed (i.e. because you clean your skin too often, often too hot, too much exposure to the sun or aggressive soaps, etc.), too many water molecules can evaporate. Too much exfoliation can lead to dehydrated skin.
Do you have dehydrated skin?
Dehydrated skin, as you have already experienced, can affect any skin type – however, there are combinations that appear quite frequently. Oily skin is usually also well hydrated while dry skin is often also low in moisture. Of course, there are also oily skin that suffers from dehydration, then the skin produces more lipids to compensate for the lack of moisture and to maintain their elasticity, which of course is not effective.
→ If you have a dry and dehydrated skin, the skin feels rather rigid and “stiff” instead of soft and plump. Pinching the skin leads to wrinkles, fine lines appear. In addition, the above-mentioned properties of a dry skin (small pores, hardly greasy etc.) appear.
→ If you have an oily, dehydrated skin, you suffer from signs of oily skin (large pores, blackheads, acne prone, oily sheen, little cream, makeup does not last). On the other hand, among the features of dehydrated skin: a feeling of pulling and fine lines.
What to do when you suffer from dehydrated skin?
Dehydrated skin not only needs hydration and binding substances, but also substances that strengthen the lipid layer, so that hydration is not released excessively. The focus of your skincare should be on water-binding agents. Strengthen the skin barrier i.e. with vitamin C, Niacinamide, Aloe Vera, Panthenol or products that contain Hyaluronic acid as it binds moisture for a long time.
→ Suffer from dry and dehydrated skin, for example, vegetable oils and substances that bind water (i.e. glycerin, sorbitol, hyaluronic acid, urea) can help and include moisture and thus protect against evaporation.
→ If you suffer from oily and dehydrated skin, you should use light textures that bind the moisture and occlusive substances such as shea butter, beeswax, vaseline, lanolin rather than last care step for the aftercare use.