Science Glossary

Antioxidants play an intrinsic role in stopping and reducing the number of free radicals as it prevents the harmful effects of oxidation. The use of antioxidants in skincare products is a great approach to improve the overall health state of the skin. Vitamin E is a key antioxidant in our range of skincare. Examples are vitamin A, C and E which are found within our botanicals such as Cacay, Passionfruit Seed Oil oil and Camu Camu.

Collagen is a protein. The primary structural component of the dermis and the most abundant protein found in humans, collagen, is responsible for conferring strength and support to our skin. These proteins give skin its youthful, supple and toned appearance. However, both are susceptible to damage from inflammation and free radicals and when exposed can become less effective. As we age, collagen production slows down and elastin has less spring. Structural destruction and loss of dermal collagen fibre bundles lead to wrinkling and increased appearance of muscular detachments.When damaged, the molecules ‘cross link’ and become stiff and inflexible which ages the skin dramatically. Damage caused by inflammation and free radical formation also triggers the release of collagen- and elastin-digesting enzymes and their degradation is a key factor in loss of skin tone, skin sagging and wrinkles. NAYA’s Cacay oil supports to increase collagen turnover and inhibiting the break-down.

The extracellular matrix (ECM) has many functions: it surrounds and supports cells, influences cell shape and movement and regulates cellular functions through signalling. It consists of fibres (e.g. collagen and elastin), proteoglycans and polysaccharides (e.g. hyaluronic acid) which provide a voluminous hydrated matrix and adhesive glycoproteins (e.g. fibronectin) which connect cells with fibres. It is essential for processes like growth and skin healing. When the skin is under stress and when inflammation is present the ECM’s function deteriorates.

Fibroblasts are the main cell type found in the dermis. They produce the Extracellular Matrix (ECM) and play a critical role in skin damage repair. They release synthesis to maintain the structure of the ECM. NAYA’s newest Antioxidant Defence